Wellbeing

How Are Wisdom Teeth Extracted?

Wisdom teeth are third molars that are the last set of teeth to emerge. They do not have a specific embryological origin. 

They usually start to appear between 17 and 25 years of age, but they can occur as early as 14 or as late as 28.  

In the vast majority of cases, these teeth come in without problems. However, sometimes, wisdom teeth may cause problems either because they do not have enough space to grow properly or due to an infection. In such cases, the removal of these teeth might be necessary. 

In this post, we will discuss wisdom teeth and what are the best ways for their extraction. 

Wisdom Teeth Extraction 

The wisdom teeth extraction is usually performed under general anaesthesia. This means that the patient will be asleep during the procedure and does not feel any pain. The dentist might use local anaesthesia together with a sedative if needed, but it is rarely used since most patients are already asleep. 

The extraction itself is done in three different ways: 

1) Extractions that require the use of forceps. A small incision is made in the gum, and a pair of forceps is inserted to grasp the tooth from any direction. Then, an effort is made to move or rotate the tooth until it breaks off from its socket. In some cases, gauze might be placed between jawbone and forceps to make tooth removal easier. 

2) Extractions using the elevator. After an incision is made in the gum, a sharp instrument separates the gingiva (the tissue that covers bone where wisdom teeth are situated). Next, an elevator (a wedge-shaped chisel) is inserted under the tooth, and then it is elevated until it breaks off from its socket. 

3) Extractions using the elevator. After making an incision in the gum, a sharp instrument will be used to separate the gingiva (the tissue that covers bone where wisdom teeth are situated). Next, a pair of small forceps is placed under the tooth and elevated until it breaks off from its socket. 

Anaesthesia. 

The anaesthesia used during the surgery is very safe, and it does not cause any side effects when applied correctly. However, some people should not get anaesthesia for various reasons. Those include: 

1) Children less than four years old or weigh less than 20 pounds 

2) People with cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, uncontrolled diabetes or metabolic disorders 

3) Those who take monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and other drugs that increase the risk of hypertension

4) People with bleeding problems like Haemophilia, Von Willebrand Disease or taking anticoagulant drugs due to medical conditions 

5) Those who are allergic to any of the components of anaesthesia, like lidocaine or other medications 

6) People with a history of seizures 

7) Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding 

The extraction should not be performed if the patient has an acute infection in the area. For example, if wisdom teeth come in without problems but the patient has severe disease in the upper respiratory tract, the extraction might be postponed to control the pain. 

If you have any other questions or concerns about wisdom teeth, do not hesitate to consult with your dentist in Sunshine

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